Abu – Swedish based tackle manufacturers, known for their shore reels.
Adipose Fin - A small fleshy lump which appears behind the dorsal fin on game fish such as salmon and trout.
Aeration tank - A tank or container used to keep bait alive by pumping a supply of air or fresh sea water into it. Also known as a livebait tank or well or vivier.
Amnesia - A low memory fishing line which recovers from twists when tensioned particularly good for hook snoods.
Anadromous - Fish that hatch and rear in fresh water then migrate to the sea to grow and mature. They then return to fresh water to spawn and reproduce. The salmon is the most common of this type of fish.
Anal fin - The fin behind the vent.
Angler – Anyone who uses a rod and line for fishing. Those who fish for sport in saltwater are known as recreational sea anglers.
Angling Trust - The governing body for sea angling in England. Selects international teams for Home Internationals and CIPS events.
Anti-kink - A device which helps to prevent line twist when spinning.
Artificial - Any bait which is man-made, may be plastic, wood or metal.
Assist Hook – A hook fished from the top of a jig or pirk attached by a length of cord or wire.
Back cast – A casting style particularly popular in the east of England. The angler stands with their back to the sea and parallel to the beach. Rods for this style tend to be long and have a heavy action. It is a cast particularly suited to throwing heavy weights. In fly fishing the term is used to describe the action of throwing the rod and line backwards, and allowing the line to unroll in the air, before making a forward cast.
Back wind – Using the reels anti-reverse switch to allow the fish to take line when fishing with a fixed spool or centrepin reel.
Backing line or backing – Line used to spool on a reel to raise the line level before applying a topshot of other line, normally braid. In fly fishing the backing gives a reserve of line over and above the fly line to play a big fish.
Backlash – The result of an uncontrolled spool when casting a multiplier reel. The spool spins faster than the line is flowing from it and the resultant tangle can be serious enough to require the cutting of the line. Also known as a birds nest or overrun
Backwash – The movement of the waves back out to sea after flooding the beach or rocks.
Bag limit - Restriction in the number of fish that an angler may retain during a fishing session.
Bail or Bail arm (bale) - A semicircular, metal arm on an fixed spool or spinning reel that picks up the line after a cast.
Bait – Anything natural or artificial used on a hook to attract a fish.
Bait clip – A metal or plastic hook device, combined with tubing, used to retain the hook and bait under tension while casting to ensure best presentation. Hook is release on contact with the water.