Bait digging - the gathering of bait using a fork or spade. Usually for worms or clams.
Bait elastic – An elasticated thread used to secure soft baits such as mussels or crab to the hook by whipping. It does not need to be tied as it grips when stretched. Used to be only available from haberdashery shops in the form of knit-in or shirring elastic but now branded for angling and available from tackle shops.
Bait holder hook – A hook with a slice or slices on the back of the shank to help retain a bait or plastic worm.
Bait pump - a metal, suction pump used for bait gathering in particular for black lugworm in their vertical burrows.
Baitcasting – A US term used to describe a rod and reel set-up for lure or bait fishing where the reel is fished on top of the rod. The reel is generally a multiplier or closed-face model.
Baitfish - Small fish near the bottom of the food chain used for bait, generally live, to catch larger predatory species. Sandeels are a common example of a baitfish.
Baiting needle - A long metal needle with either an eye at the blunt end used for mounting dead fish on a rig or with a hollow indent to locate a hook point and allow worms or shellfish to be threaded onto hooks.
Baitrunner - a fixed spool reel with a rear drag and a lever to disengage the spool allowing the fish to run freely but with line pick-up when the handle is turned.
Balanced - A term used to describe the proper combination of rod, reel line.
Balloon - used as a float to suspend large baits when shark fishing.