flatfish identification - the curved lateral line on a dab
08 Feb 2017

Flatfish Identification A Simplified Guide to Common Flatfish

Flatfish are among the most common species encountered by the shore angler. Despite them being regular catches confusion still exists when trying to identify dab, flounder and plaice. This guide to flatfish identification explains the species differences. When it come

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species ID sole
27 May 2013

Sole

The sole is an oval shaped flatfish with a small head and a small offset mouth. The dorsal and anal fins are joined to the tail by a thin membrane.

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species ID plaice
27 May 2013

Plaice

The plaice is a typical round bodied, right eyed flatfish. The upper side is a sandy brown with prominent red or orange spots. The underside is a pearlescent white.

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species ID megrim
27 May 2013

Megrim

The megrim is a thin bodied, left eyed flatfish with a large extendable mouth and large eyes. The last two rays of the dorsal and anal fins finish on the underside of the fish.

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species ID flounder
27 May 2013

Flounder

The flounder is a flatfish and normally a dull brown or greenish-brown on its upper side and occasionally faint red spots can be found. The underside is opaque and a dull white although brownish discolouration is not unusual.

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species ID dab
27 May 2013

Dab

The dab belongs to the family of flatfish called Pleuronectidae which are all right-eyed flatfish, the eye migrates over the head when young and finishes on the right hand side of the head.

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species ID turbot
27 May 2013

Turbot

The turbot is a wide bodied flatfish with the eyes on the left side of its head. The body is without scales but there are boney tubercles on it although these are sometimes only on the underside.

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species ID brill
27 May 2013

Brill

The brill is a close relative of the turbot which it resembles however its body is scaled and lacks the boney protuberances. The first rays of the dorsal fin are free from membranes in their upper half.

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species ID long rough dab
27 May 2013

Long Rough Dab

The long rough dab is a slender bodied, right sided flatfish. The eyes and mouth are relatively large compared to the smallish head.

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species ID lemon sole
27 May 2013

Lemon Sole

The lemon sole has an oval shaped body that is sandy brown in colour with darker brown blotches and yellow and green spots on the back, the underside is white.

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