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Pollack

by David Proudfoot

Pollachius pollachius

species ID pollack

Other Names

Lyrie, Lythe, Coalsey, Podler , Piltock, Stedlock, Cuden, Cooth, Harbin, Whiting Pollock

Distinguishing features

The pollack has the typical cod family shape with 3 dorsal fins and two anal fins. The lower jaw protrudes further than the upper one and has no barbel. The colouration varies according to the waters in which the pollack inhabits, from brownish-green on the back and yellowish-green on the sides to reddish, gold colours in fish which live in kelp covered ground. In smaller fish the colours are patchy and tend towards golden. The dark lateral line curves sharply down to the middle of the body over the pectoral fin.

Size

The pollack can reach sizes of 140cm and weights in excess of 14 kg however the shore angler can expect to target fish averaging around 2 kg and the a good specimen from the boat would scale 5 kg.

British Record Fish List

UK Shore Record: 18lb 4oz 0dms / 8.277kgs
UK Boat Record: 29lb 4oz 0dms / 13.267kgs

European Line Class Record for this species

species ID pollack

Habitat

The habitat of the pollack tends to close to rocks, piers or rough ground with the biggest specimens normally found over wrecks or deep water reefs. Adult specimens can be found at depths ranging from the surface to over 100 metres deep. The smaller fish will inhabit the inshore waters including sandy areas. The pollack will spawn in deep water from January to April. They can be found from the Mediterranean to as far north as the Arctic Circle.

Food

Fish form the main source of food for pollack, particularly sandeels and members of the cod and herring families. Recently on the north and east coasts of the UK large numbers of pipefish form a major part of the diet. They will also forage on the sea bed for crustaceans.

Bait

Sandeels, fresh or frozen, make an excellent bait for pollack both from the boat and shore. In shallow water a single ragworm will often produce good bags of fish from the rocks or over offshore reefs. Similarly a belly strip of mackerel slow retrieved can be deadly. Large specimens are taken occasionally on fish baits being used for other species.

Lures

Plastic or rubber worms, eels such as the redgill, or shads can be very effective on a flowing trace either slowly retrieved back to the boat or spun deeply from the shore.

The shore angler can also find success using a metal spoon spun over kelp covered rocks, elongated silver or copper ones normally produce best bags.

A favourite among the Scottish competition anglers for inshore pollack is to fish with two or three redgills or plastic worms fished paternoster style above a fluttering, hookless pirk.

species ID pollack coalfish

Pollack (left) and Coalfish (right) – photo courtesy of Mike Concannon

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